Towards Intelligent Interfaces for Mixed-Focus Collaboration

Anton Sigitov, Oliver Staadt, André Hinkenjann
26th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization Adjunct - July 2018


Large, high-resolution displays are highly suitable for creation of digital environments for co-located collaborative task solving. Yet, placing multiple users in a shared environment may increase the risk of interferences, thus causing mental discomfort and decreasing efficiency of the team. To mitigate interferences coordination strategies and techniques were introduced. However, in a mixed-focus collaboration scenarios users switch now and again between loosely and tightly collaboration, therefore different coordination techniques might be required depending on the current collaboration state of team members. For that, systems have to be able to recognize collaboration states as well as transitions between them to ensure a proper adjustment of the coordination strategy. Previous studies on group behavior during collaboration in front of large displays investigated solely collaborative coupling states, not transitions between them though. To address this gap, we conducted a study with 12 participant dyads in front of a tiled display and let them solve two tasks in two different conditions (focus and overview). We looked into group dynamics and categorized transitions by means of changes in proximity, verbal communication, visual attention, visual interface, and gestures. The findings can be valuable for user interface design and development of group behavior models.

BibTex references

  author       = {Sigitov, Anton and Staadt, Oliver and Hinkenjann, Andr{\'e}},
  title        = {Towards Intelligent Interfaces for Mixed-Focus Collaboration},
  booktitle    = {26th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization Adjunct},
  month        = {July},
  year         = {2018},

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